6. Research questions

Overall (formal):
  • What actions are needed in order to break the vicious circle of poverty and transform into a good circle?
  • What conditions (social, political, legal, cultural, organizational and economic) are essential for this to happen?

Specific (substantive):
  • Under what conditions are small-scale fisheries environmentally sustainable or destructive?
  • How does the vicious (cumulative) process of poverty unfold?
  • What are the detectable ecological and socio-economic impacts of over-extraction?
  • What is the role of civil society institutions, like local communities and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in marine and coastal management and poverty alleviation?
  • How do governmental initiatives and policies enable or restrict coping strategies at the individual/household and community levels?
  • How does poverty in small-scale fisheries relate to market forces, price fluctuations, and bargaining power?
  • How are social and cultural differences, such as ethnicity, class, caste and religion, expressed in the ways people relate to natural environments and cope with deprivation?
  • How do gender-relations at the household and community levels influence poverty coping strategies and resilience?
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